Vicente G. Panagan,
Jecibel N. Mangliwan,
Regina B. Humakey,
May M. Celoy,
Gretchen M. Camsol,
Harriette D. Aquisan
The study was conducted to determine the level of adherence to proper health practices of wet market vendors in Baguio City Public Market, specifically on personal hygiene, physical fitness, nutrition, use of protective barriers and adult immunization. The study also aimed to determine if the level of adherence to proper health practices differ along age, gender, civil status, and educational attainment of the respondents.
This study was conducted at Baguio City Public Market, Baguio City from June to September 2008. It was participated by 70 wet market vendors. Further, he descriptive type of research used the questionnaire to obtain the needed information. To check the reliability of the questionnaire, the researchers conducted a pre-test at La Trinidad Public Market to six market vendors. Data were gathered, tabulated, treated statistically, and interpreted. The statistical treatments used in the study are descriptive statistics and inferential statistics.
Results showed that the level of adherence to personal hygiene of the wet market vendors in Baguio City is high. The one-sample t-test confirms this, showing no significant difference when its mean of 3.59 is compared to the constant p-value, 3.63. However, on physical fitness, nutrition and use of protective barriers, inferential statistics shows that that there is a high significance at 0.01 level. Meanwhile there is a low level of adherence among the vendors in terms of adult immunizations. When age is considered there is a high significant difference on personal hygiene at 0.01 level. More over, along gender, the computed t-value is -2.657 with an exact probability of 0.01, which is lower than 0.05 level of significance. Thus, it shows a significant difference on the level of adherence to personal hygiene. However, the f-test and independent t-test reveal no significant difference on the level of adherence to physical fitness, use of protective barriers, and adult immunizations. Further, civil status and educational attainment also do not affect all the mentioned health practices of wet market vendors as attested by the t-test, where all f- values are higher than 0.05 level.
Generally, respondents have high level adherence to personal hygiene, slight level of adherence to physical fitness, nutrition, and use of protective barriers, and low level of adherence to adult immunization.
The age and gender affect the level of adherence to personal hygiene among wet market vendors of Baguio City public market, but has no influence on physical fitness, nutrition, use of protective barriers, and immunization. On the other hand, the respondentsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ civil status and educational attainment showed no difference on their level of adherence to proper health practices.
From the findings, the researchers recommend that further extensive information dissemination on proper health practices to the wet market vendors should be considered by concerned organizations or offices. Likewise, it is suggested to the public market management that they should consider developing and implementing guidelines on the use of protective barriers for protection and provision of integral and quality service. It is also being encouraged that wet market vendors adopt a healthy lifestyle such as increasing intake of fruits and vegetables, finding time to rest or unwind and/or doing simple exercises like stretching, and having bed rest when feeling ill.
The Department of Health should also consider reaching out to the wet market vendors, either through organizing a medical mission at the market where the vendors can go for consultation, acquire health education, or avail free adult immunizations.
Generally, the study aims to assess the level of adherence to proper health practices of wet market vendors in Baguio City Public Market. Specifically, this study seeks to answer the following:
1. What is the level of adherence to proper health practices of wet market vendors in Baguio City in terms of the following:
a. Personal Hygiene
b. Physical Fitness
d. Use of Protective Barriers
2. What is the difference on the level of adherence to health practices of wet market vendors of Baguio City Public Market when the following variables are taken into consideration:
c. Civil status
d. Educational attainment
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