Ivy Lita L. Baguitan,
Donna P. Bosleng,
Krizzle Kristine D. Gaas,
Desiree G. Gacayan,
Aprilyn A. Literato,
Jahaziel N. Rimando,
Evelyn B. Macasieb
The study was conducted to determine the reasons for undergoing thyroidectomy and the coping mechanisms employed by thyroidectomy patients in Baguio City and La Trinidad, Benguet. Specifically, the study sought to determine the reasons for undergoing thyroidectomy and grouped according to age, sex and ethnic affiliation and the significance of the frequency of use of coping mechanisms with regards to age, sex, and ethnic affiliation made by thyroidectomy patients in Baguio City and La Trinidad, Benguet for the past 1-10 years prior to the conduction of this study. With regard to the coping mechanisms in managing the effects of thyroidectomy, the study specifically measured the frequency of use of each coping mechanism in the event that these respondents were confronted by stressful situations.
The study took into account thirty-five (35) respondents currently residing in Baguio City and La Trinidad, Benguet. The study utilized the descriptive research design in the presentation of relative data, whence, the utilization of a questionnaire was employed in gathering the necessary data. The weighted mean was taken and the utilization of the t-test to the obtained data was necessary to determine the relative effect of the variables and the frequency of use of coping mechanisms employed by the respondents. The Chi-square test was utilized in treating the data regarding the significance of the reasons for undergoing thyroidectomy and grouped according to age, sex and ethnic affiliation.
The findings revealed that thyroidectomy patients residing in Baguio City and La Trinidad, Benguet do not differ significantly on the reasons of undergoing thyroidectomy and grouped according to age, sex, and ethnic affiliation. These reasons in undergoing thyroidectomy are ranked as thus: thyroid swelling, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, cancer of the thyroid, other causes, and presence of a lump or tumor. There was only one variable that showed a relative effect with regards to the frequency of use of coping mechanisms as they were employed by the respondents. The most often used coping mechanism as indicated by the weighted mean was Optimism. The least coping mechanism used was Substance Abuse. Ethnic affiliation had a significant effect in the frequency of use of coping mechanisms employed by thyroidectomy patients. There was a significant difference in the use of coping mechanisms employed by highlanders and lowlanders. Higlanders tend to use significant coping mechanisms more often than lowlanders who use it once in a while. Age and sex do not have an effect in the frequency of coping mechanisms employed by the respondents.
Based on the findings, the following conclusions are drawn: hormonal imbalance is generally the main cause of thyroid disorders among post thyroidectomy patients; most of the respondents used positive coping mechanisms after thyroidectomy to cope with any form of stress brought about by the procedure; regardless of age and sex, people have equal susceptibility to thyroid disorders, anybody can be afflicted with such problem; highlanders who lives in a locale where there are more availability of goitrogenic foods use coping mechanisms more frequently than lowlanders who live in a locale wherein there are sources of iodine rich foods.
Based on the findings of the study, frequent check-ups with medical professionals should be made in order to detect early signs and symptoms of thyroid disorders as well as to gain knowledge on how to control or treat the disease. Respondents are encouraged to continue the use of positive coping mechanisms since this had a particularly beneficial effect on overcoming stress. Awareness on thyroid disorders is encouraged since thyroid disorders are not age and sex specific and can affect anyone. People, especially those located in places with less iodine sources such as the highlands are encouraged to include iodine rich foods such as fish, mussels, shrimps, and other sea foods in their diet. Iodized salt can be used as supplement for deficiency of iodine in the diet. A similar study involving a bigger population is encouraged to determine the coping experiences of post thyroidectomy patients but also coping mechanisms before operation.
This study focused on the coping mechanisms employed by thyroidectomy patients in Baguio City and La Trinidad, Benguet.
Specifically, the study aimed to answer the following aspects.
1. What are the reasons for undergoing thyroidectomy?
2. What is the frequency of use of the coping mechanisms as they are utilized by the respondents in dealing with the effects of thyroidectomy with regards to:
c. Ethnic Affiliation
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