Gene Vincent M. Zambrano,
Robert Jay C. Namuro,
Alvin Glenn G. Mendoza,
Jhaycis W. Bengwasan,
Avenir B. Alawas,
Lawrence C. Caranto
The study dealt with the compliance of medically diagnosed Benguet State University employees with cardiovascular diseases and with laboratory irregularities to the different interventions, namely, to lifestyle modifications, medical and pharmacological treatments, and surgical interventions. The study also aimed to determine the occurrence of common cardiovascular disease/s or irregular laboratory irregularities among the BSU employees as well as the factors affecting their level of compliance to the different interventions. These problems were compared according to their age, sex and type of job.
The study was conducted at the Benguet State University, La Trinidad Benguet last August to September. The answers to the problems were sought through analysis and interpretations of answers provided by 100 respondents from both sectors teaching and non-teaching employees of Benguet State University. Questionnaire was used as a tool in the study since the researchers desired to determine the common occurring cardiovascular diseases, the level of compliance to interventions and the factors affecting it. The t-test was used to compare if there are any significant difference between the compliance of teaching and non-teaching employees or according to type of job and according to their sex. The ANOVA or F-test was used to analyze the difference between the compliance of medically diagnosed BSU employees with cardiovascular diseases with regard to age. Data were gathered, tabulated, treated statistically, and interpreted.
Results showed that hypertension and high level of cholesterol level are the top two highest occurring cardiovascular diseases among medically diagnosed BSU Employees. On the other hand, heart failure, Aneurysm, heart block and Myocardial Infarction are the top 4 least occurring cardiovascular diseases among employees.
On the level of compliance, the researchers also found out that, the level of compliance among the medically diagnosed BSU employees with CVD according to age and sex has no significant difference. They are the same, while according to type of job, there is a significant difference. Age and sex variables have a moderate compliance, while on the type of job, although their compliance is also both moderate, teaching employees is slightly more compliant than non-teaching employees.
On the factors affecting their compliance, medically diagnosed BSU Employees according to age, sex, and type of job are all moderately affected by the different factors mentioned. Financial and social factors are the top two most factors affecting the level of compliance among BSU Employees, both a highly affecting factor to all variables. But overall, statistically they have no significant difference.
From the findings, the researchers recommend that the administration, more importantly the University Clinic should focus more and give more priority on alleviating or reducing or preventing the cases of hypertension and high cholesterol levels. And with these, the medically diagnosed employees should be more compliant or maintain a satisfactory compliance to interventions in order to prevent aggravation of present diseases and other complications brought about by CVD. They should increase their compliance especially in physical fitness and exercise, which has a slight compliance on it.
Student nurses should continue their BP drive program with additional health teaching or information dissemination on cardiovascular and other related diseases. They should also apply networking with NGO's or LGU's for campaign against the cardiovascular diseases. Furthermore, the clinic including the student nurses stress more on balanced diet and alcohol and tobacco avoidance.
The administration should start a mandatory physical fitness program for their employees like taebo or aerobic sessions every morning or a weight lifting session to be fixed on a scheduled basis.
Knowing that financial factor is a highly affecting factor for their compliance, the researchers recommend that the government should allot or subsidize a budget for medications, or other health programs to the medically diagnosed persons or employees with cardiovascular ailments as well as for prevention of it. Knowing also that social factor is a highly affecting factor among the level of compliance among employees; we recommend that they should form a organization on the prevention and rehabilitation of their cardiovascular diseases.
For future related studies, the researchers recommend a study of the prevalence, occurrence and compliance of BSU employees which focuses on the diseases under other body systems such as Billiary System, Genito-Urinary and others.
The study aims to determine the common cardiovascular disease/s or irregular laboratory irregularities, their level of compliance to their recommended medical interventions and the factors affecting their compliance.
The study seeks answers to the following questions:
1.What are the most common cardiovascular diseases and laboratory irregularities occurring among medically diagnosed BSU employees?
2.What is the level of compliance to medical interventions of medically diagnosed BSU employees with cardiovascular diseases and laboratory irregularities compared according to their:
c.Type of job
3.What are the factors affecting the level of compliance among medically diagnosed BSU employees with cardiovascular diseases and laboratory irregularities to suggested medical interventions compared according to their:
c.Type of job
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2. Sackett, D L, Taylor, D W, Haynes, R B. "Compliance in Health Care" Baltimore : The Johns Hopkins University Press , 84, 2004
3. Mortimer-Stephens , M K, Dunbar-Jacob, J . "Treatment adherence in chronic diseases" Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 54, 57-60, 2001
4. Arsenio, Arizon Dulat. "Awareness and Compliance on the Prevention of Heart Diseases among BSU Personnel" Unpublished Thesis, Benguet State University , 1999